-
 

                                                      

: "" "". .

( 50 ):


(WTR - Western Test Range





(West Shelf Ice)
(Vest Spitsbergen) ()
( )






() ( . 1938)

()




( )

(Zapolska) (1857-1921)
-


- ()

(1905-81)
(1873-1905)



( 1921 )
(Zapotocky) (1852-1916)
(1884-1957)
( )

()



- (?-1468)




:

( ... )
( . gaz
( . 287-212 . .)
( . antiquarius -