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: "" "". .

( 50 ):

(1876-1953)
(Achebe) ( . 1930)
( -
(


(

(1880-1957)


( -


(-) (873/874-935 941)




(1842-1926)
- (Asik Pasa) (1271-1332)
( . 1937)
( . 1910)
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I
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(Aschoff) (1866-1942)

(1912-75)


(Ashton) (1906-88)

() ( 1919

()

II
( . )
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( . aer - )
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(1 .)
(Birlad)

() (1943-94)
(1838-99)